Monday, March 14, 2011

The Crow and The Stunt Master

The Crow (film)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Crow

Theatrical release poster
Directed by Alex Proyas
Produced by Jeff Most
Edward R. Pressman
Screenplay by David J. Schow
John Shirley
Based on The Crow by
James O'Barr
Starring Brandon Lee
Ernie Hudson
Rochelle Davis
Michael Wincott
Tony Todd
Music by Graeme Revell
Cinematography Dariusz Wolski
Editing by Dov Hoenig
M. Scott Smith
Studio Dimension Films
Distributed by Miramax Films[1]
Release date(s) May 13, 1994
Running time 102 min.
Country United States
Language English
Budget $15,000,000 [2]
Gross revenue $144,000,000 (worldwide)
The Crow is a 1994 American action-thriller film adaptation of the 1989 comic book of the same name by James O'Barr. The film was written by David J. Schow and John Shirley, and directed by Alex Proyas. The Crow stars Brandon Lee, in his final film, as Eric Draven, a rock musician who is revived from the dead to avenge his own murder, as well as that of his fiancée.
While filming during the last weeks of production, Lee was mortally wounded when a dummy bullet, which had become lodged in one of the prop guns, was shot into his abdomen by a blank cartridge. The film was a critical and commercial success after its release, opening at the top of the box office.



[edit] Plot

On October 30, Devil's Night in Detroit, Sergeant Albrecht (Ernie Hudson) is at the scene of a crime where Shelly Webster (Sofia Shinas) has been beaten and raped, and her fiancé, guitarist Eric Draven (Brandon Lee) has been stabbed, shot, and thrown out of the window. The couple were to be married the next day, on Halloween. As he leaves for the hospital with Shelly, Albrecht meets a young girl, Sarah (Rochelle Davis), whom Shelly and Eric take care of because her mother Darla (Anna Levine) is a negligent drug addict. Albrecht tells her that Shelly will be okay, but Sarah knows the truth: Shelly is going to die.
One year later, to the day, a crow taps on Eric's headstone; Eric awakens from death and climbs frantically out of his grave, trembling and wracked with convulsions. Eric goes to his old apartment and finds it derelict. He has flashbacks of his death, remembering that he and Shelly were murdered by local thugs T-Bird (David Patrick Kelly), Tin Tin (Laurence Mason), Funboy (Michael Massee) and Skank (Angel David). Eric soon discovers that any wounds he suffers heal immediately, and that he, being dead, is now immune to physical harm. He then replaces his burial clothes with dark, imposing attire, and paints his face in a parody of a porcelain harlequin mask, decorating his lips and eyes with black, scar-like slashes. Guided by the crow, he sets out to avenge his and Shelly's murders.
The crow helps Eric locate Tin Tin. They engage in a one-on-one alley fight, which Eric wins by stabbing Tin Tin with all of his own knives. He takes his coat, leaving a large crow-shaped bloodstain on the wall of the alley. He then goes to the pawn shop where Tin Tin pawned Shelly's engagement ring the year before. Eric forces the owner, Gideon (Jon Polito), to return the ring and blows up the shop, but allows Gideon to live so that he can warn the others. Gideon goes to warn Top Dollar (Michael Wincott), the local crime boss and T-Bird's superior, who thinks Gideon is making it all up and kills him by stabbing him in the throat with a rapier.
Eric finds Funboy getting high on morphine in an apartment with Darla. Funboy shoots him in the hand, and watches in horror as the wound closes up before his eyes. Eric then disarms him and shoots him in the thigh. Eric confronts Darla, telling her to quit drugs in order to be a good mother to Sarah. Eric then kills Funboy with an overdose of his own morphine. He visits Albrecht, explaining his rebirth and mission. Albrecht tells him what he knows about Shelly's death and that he watched as she suffered for 30 hours before dying. Eric touches Albrecht and receives from him the pain that Shelly felt during those hours. Meanwhile Sarah and her mother begin to repair their strained relationship. Sarah goes to Eric's old apartment and tells him that she misses him and Shelly. Eric explains that, even though they cannot be friends anymore, he still cares about her.
As T-Bird and Skank stop at a convenience store to get some supplies, Eric arrives and kidnaps T-Bird. Skank follows the pair and sees Eric as he ties T-Bird to the driver's seat of a car, straps explosives to him, and lets the car drive off the pier, where it explodes up in midair, killing T-Bird. Eric leaves a fiery symbol in the shape of a crow burning at the scene. Skank escapes the scene and goes to Top Dollar. The crime boss and his lover/half-sister Myca (Bai Ling) have become aware of Eric's actions through various reports from witnesses. Top Dollar holds a meeting with his associates where they discuss new plans for their Devil's Night crime spree. Eric arrives at the meeting, looking for Skank. Top Dollar orders his men to shoot Eric, and a massive gun fight ensues. Top Dollar escapes quickly with Myca and Grange (Tony Todd), his lieutenant, while Eric systematically kills everyone in the room and last of all Skank, whom Eric throws out of a window.
Eric, having finished his quest, returns to his grave. Sarah goes to say goodbye to him and he gives her Shelly's engagement ring. She is then abducted by Top Dollar's henchman, Grange (Tony Todd), who takes her into a nearby church, where Top Dollar and Myca are waiting. Through the crow, Eric realizes what has happened and goes to the church to rescue her. Unfortunately, Grange shoots the crow as it flies into the church, causing Eric to lose his invincibility. Albrecht arrives, intending to pay his respects to Eric, just after Top Dollar shoots and wounds Eric. Myca then grabs the wounded crow, intending to take its mystical power. Top Dollar ties Sarah up and climbs the bell tower as a fight ensues, with Albrecht killing Grange. When Albrecht is wounded, Eric climbs to the roof of the church on his own. On the way up, he encounters Myca, who tells him that all of the power that he ever had will soon be hers. However, just before she is about to shoot Eric, the crow escapes Myca's grip and pecks her eyes out, and then knocks her down the bell tower to her death. Eric reaches the roof of the church and encounters Top Dollar, who admits ultimate responsibility for what happened to Eric and Shelly. They fight, and in the end, Eric gives Top Dollar the 30 hours of pain he absorbed from Albrecht; the sensation sends Top Dollar flying off the roof of the church to be impaled on the horns of a gargoyle. Albrecht goes to the hospital, and Eric is reunited with Shelly at their graves.
Later, Sarah pays a final visit to the cemetery, and the crow, perched on Eric's headstone, gives her Shelly's engagement ring, dropping it in her open hand before soaring over the city and into the night.

[edit] Cast

[edit] Death of Brandon Lee

On March 31, 1993 at EUE Screen Gems Studios in Wilmington, North Carolina, Brandon Lee sustained an accidental gunshot wound on the set of the film. He was taken to an area hospital where he later died. There were eight days left before shooting of the film was to be completed. The scenes involving Lee and Shinas' characters in their apartment had been saved for the end of filming so that Lee could work the final week without makeup.[3] In the story, Lee's character comes to his apartment where his girlfriend is being raped by a gang of thugs, and then he is shot and killed by Michael Massee's character, playing one of the thugs. Weeks prior to the event, a scene was being filmed that required dummy rounds to be shown being loaded into the handgun. Inexperienced crew members, pressured by time constraints, purchased live ammunition, removed the bullets, dumped the gunpowder, and then replaced the bullets back into the empty cartridges with the live primers still in place.[3][4]
When the time came to film the scene where Michael Massee shoots Lee's character, the same gun was loaded with blank cartridges. Unknown to the crew, the bullet from one of the dummy rounds had become lodged in the barrel of the gun. It is believed that someone on set was playing with the gun, pulled the trigger, and inadvertently caused the live primer to fire; this would have resulted in the bullet moving a couple of inches into the barrel of the gun. When the gun was operated, the propellant in the blank rounds — which is used to give the visible effect of a gunshot — dislodged the bullet, which penetrated Lee's abdomen and lodged in his spine. The injury caused massive blood loss. As the production company had sent the firearms specialist home early, responsibility for the guns was given to a prop assistant who was not aware of the rule for checking all firearms before and after any handling. Therefore, the barrel was not checked for obstructions when it came time to load it with the blank rounds.[3][4]
Soon after the accident, Lee was taken to the New Hanover Regional Medical Center in Wilmington, North Carolina where he died about 12 hours later, at 1:03 p.m. After Lee's death, the producers were faced with the decision of whether or not to continue with the film. Sofia Shinas, who had witnessed the accident, did not want to continue and went home to Los Angeles. The rest of the cast and crew, except for Ernie Hudson, whose brother-in-law had just died, stayed in Wilmington. After two days, Ed Pressman announced that the film would be completed. The technicalities of completing the film following Lee's death added $8 million to the budget, taking it to approximately $15 million.[2] The cast and crew then took a break with script rewrites for the flashback scenes that had yet to be completed.[3] The cast returned to Wilmington nearly two months after the accident.[2] The footage of his accident was destroyed without being developed.

[edit] Reception

[edit] Critics

The Crow was well received by critics; review aggregate website Rotten Tomatoes gives it a "fresh" rating of 83% based on 40 reviews. Reviewers praised the action and visual style.[5][6] Rolling Stone called it a "dazzling fever dream of a movie", Caryn James writing for the New York Times called it "a genre film of a high order, stylish and smooth", and Roger Ebert called it "a stunning work of visual style".[6][7][8] The LA Times praised the movie also.[9][10]
Lee's death was alleged to have a melancholy effect on viewers; Desson Howe of the Washington Post wrote that Lee "haunts every frame" and James Berardinelli called the film "a case of 'art imitating death', and that specter will always hang over The Crow".[5][6][11] Berardinelli called it an appropriate epitaph to Lee, Howe called it an appropriate sendoff, and Ebert stated that not only was this Lee's best film, but it was better than any of his father's (Bruce Lee).[5][6][11] Critics generally thought that this would have been a breakthrough film for Lee, although James disagreed.[6][8][12] The changes made to the film after Lee's death were noted by reviewers, most of whom saw them as an improvement. Howe said that it had been transformed into something compelling.[5] James, although terming it a genre film, said that it had become more mainstream because of the changes.[8]
The film was widely compared to other films, particularly Tim Burton's Batman films and Blade Runner.[11][12] Critics described The Crow as a darker film than the others;[8] Ebert called it a grungier and more forbidding story than those of Batman and Blade Runner, and Todd McCarthy of Variety wrote that the generic inner city of Detroit portrayed in The Crow "makes Gotham City look like the Emerald City".[12]
The distinctive features of the film for most critics were the fast-paced action and visual style. The cinematography by Dariusz Wolski and the production design by Alex McDowell were praised. While the plot and characterization were found to be lacking,[5][8][12] these faults were considered to be overcome by the action and visual style.[6][11] The cityscape designed by McDowell and the production team was described by McCarthy as rendered imaginatively.[12] The film's comic book origins were noted, and Ebert called it the best version of a comic book universe he had seen.[6] McCarthy agreed, calling it "one of the most effective live-actioners ever derived from a comic strip".[12] Critics felt that the soundtrack complemented this visual style, calling it blistering, edgy and boisterous.[5][7][12] Graeme Revell was praised for his "moody" score;[12] Howe said that it "drapes the story in a postmodern pall."[5]
Negative reviews of the film were generally similar in theme to the positive ones but said that the interesting and "OK" special effects did not make up for the "superficial" plot, "badly-written" screenplay and "one-dimensional" characters.[13][14]
The Crow is mentioned in Empire's 2008 list of the 500 greatest movies of all time; it ranked at number 468.[15]

[edit] Box office

The film grossed $50,693,129 in the United States, $94,000,000 worldwide. In the United States, it opened at #1 with $11,774,332 in its opening weekend.[16] According to Box Office Mojo, it ranked at 24 for all films released in the US in 1994 and 10 for R-rated films released that year.[17]

[edit] Awards

In 1995, Graeme Revell won a BMI film music award for his score and the Stone Temple Pilots won the MTV Movie Award for Best Song for "Big Empty".[18] Also at the MTV Movie Awards, the film was nominated for Best Film and Brandon Lee was nominated for Best Male Performance.[18] The film received four Saturn Award nominations from the Academy of Science Fiction, Fantasy & Horror Films, USA, for Best Costumes, Best Director, Best Horror film and Best Special Effects.

[edit] Soundtracks

The original soundtrack album for The Crow features songs from the film, and was a chart-topping album. It included work by The Cure (their song, "Burn", became the film's main theme), The Jesus and Mary Chain, Rage Against the Machine, Helmet and Stone Temple Pilots.
Several groups performed covers. Nine Inch Nails rendered Joy Division's "Dead Souls"; Rollins Band covered Suicide's "Ghost Rider"; and Pantera performed Poison Idea's "The Badge". The Stone Temple Pilots song "Big Empty" won an MTV Movie Award in 1995. It was not their original choice for the soundtrack. They recorded a version of "Only Dying", a demo they had recorded earlier as Mighty Joe Young, which was replaced following Lee's death.[19]
The bands Medicine and My Life with the Thrill Kill Kult make cameo appearances in the film, on stage in the nightclub below Top Dollar's headquarters.
The Crow: Original Motion Picture Score consisted of original, mostly orchestral music, with some electronic and guitar elements written for the film by Graeme Revell.

[edit] Sequel

In 1996, a sequel was released, called The Crow: City of Angels. In this movie, Vincent Pérez plays Ashe Corven who, along with his son Danny, is killed by criminals. Ashe is resurrected as a new Crow. The character of Sarah reappears in this film and assists Ashe.[20] This was followed by a television series and two direct-to-video sequels, each with a different person as The Crow.

[edit] See also

[edit] References

  1. ^ Brennan, Judy (April 29, 1994), "Miramax's 'Crow' Quietly Takes Flight", Los Angeles Times (Tribune Company), retrieved March 12, 2011
  2. ^ a b c Ascher-Walsh, Rebecca (May 13, 1994), "How the Crow Flew", Entertainment Weekly (Time Inc.), retrieved March 12, 2011
  3. ^ a b c d Conner & Zuckerman, pp. 35–36
  4. ^ a b Brown, Dave, "Behind the Death of Brandon Lee", Dave Brown: Firearms Safety Specialist, retrieved March 12, 2011
  5. ^ a b c d e f g Howe, Desson (May 13, 1994), "'The Crow' (R)", The Washington Post (The Washington Post Company), retrieved March 12, 2011
  6. ^ a b c d e f g Ebert, Roger (May 13, 1994), "The Crow", Chicago Sun-Times (Sun-Times Media Group), retrieved March 12, 2011
  7. ^ a b Travers, Peter (May 11, 1994), "The Crow", Rolling Stone (Wenner Media), retrieved March 12, 2011
  8. ^ a b c d e James, Caryn (May 11, 1994), "Eerie Links Between Living and Dead", The New York Times (The New York Times Company), retrieved March 12, 2011
  9. ^ Rainer, Peter (May 11, 1994), "Movie Review : 'The Crow' Flies With Grim Glee", Los Angeles Times (Tribune Company), retrieved March 12, 2011
  10. ^ Welkos, Robert W. (May 11, 1994), "Movie Review : Life After Death: A Hit in the Offing?", Los Angeles Times (Tribune Company), retrieved March 12, 2011
  11. ^ a b c d Berardinelli, James (1994), "Review: the Crow", ReelViews, retrieved March 12, 2011
  12. ^ a b c d e f g h McCarthy, Todd (April 28, 1994), "The Crow", Variety (Reed Business Information), retrieved March 12, 2011
  13. ^ Hicks, Chris (September 20, 2001), "The Crow", Deseret News (Deseret News Publishing Company), retrieved March 12, 2011
  14. ^ "The Crow", Montreal Film Journal, retrieved March 12, 2011
  15. ^ "The 500 Greatest Movies of All Time", Empire (Bauer Media Group), retrieved March 12, 2011
  16. ^ Fox, David J. (May 16, 1994), "'The Crow' Takes Off at Box Office", Los Angeles Times (Tribune Company), retrieved March 12, 2011
  17. ^ "The Crow (1994)", Box Office Mojo (, retrieved March 12, 2011
  18. ^ a b "Content International's Film Library", Content International, archived from the original on April 7, 2008, retrieved March 12, 2011
  19. ^ "Below Empty - Frequently Asked Questions",, archived from the original on December 17, 2007, retrieved March 12, 2011
  20. ^ The Crow: City of Angels at the Internet Movie Database
Conner, Jeff; Zuckerman, Robert (1993), The Crow: The Movie, Kitchen Sink Press, ISBN 0878162852

    The Crow: City of Angels

    From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

    Theatrical release poster
    Directed by Tim Pope
    Produced by Jeff Most
    Edward R. Pressman
    Written by Screenplay:
    David S. Goyer
    Characters by:
    James O'Barr
    Starring Vincent Pérez
    Mia Kirshner
    Richard Brooks
    Iggy Pop
    Thuy Trang
    Music by Graeme Revell
    Cinematography Jean-Yves Escoffer
    Editing by Michael N. Knue
    Anthony Redman
    Distributed by Miramax Films
    Release date(s) August 30, 1996 (USA)
    Running time 84 min
    Country U.S.
    Language English
    Budget $13,000,000
    Gross revenue $17,917,287 (domestic)[1]
    The Crow: City of Angels is a 1996 action film and a sequel to the cult film The Crow. The film was directed by Tim Pope. None of the original actors reprised their roles in this film.



    [edit] Plot

    The setting is Los Angeles, where drug kingpin Judah Earl (Richard Brooks) controls all. It is the misfortune of mechanic Ashe Corven (Vincent Pérez) and his eight year-old son Danny (Eric Acosta) to witness a gang of Judah's thugs murdering a fellow drug dealer.
    Judah's men capture Ashe and Danny. Ashe and Danny are viciously beaten and terrorized, with Ashe pleading for Danny's life, and then tied together and shot multiple times, their bodies are thrown off of a pier.
    Later, a young woman named Sarah (Mia Kirshner) has been having dreams about Ashe and Danny. Sarah works in a tattoo parlor by day, and paints haunting, surreal images of death and resurrection in her apartment at night. Sarah is haunted by these disturbing dreams about Ashe and Danny, and after a day's work in the tattoo parlor, Sarah is visited in her apartment by a large crow as she contemplates a ring given to her years ago by Eric Draven (the original Crow played by Brandon Lee).
    Sarah follows this crow to the harbor during the nighttime on All Saints' Day, and witnesses Ashe's resurrection and frantic escape from his watery grave. Sarah takes him to her apartment. Ashe wants to know who she is, and how he survived the brutal attack on himself and his son. When Sarah informs him that he didn't, he freaks out and runs screaming into the night, and ends up at his home, where he relives the final moments of his life.
    Sarah arrives to find Ashe brooding, and she informs him that she knows what he has come back to do—he has been resurrected by the crow, so he can have a chance to go after those who killed him and Danny. When Sarah lived in Detroit as a child, she had friends named Eric Draven and Shelley Webster, who were murdered, and Eric was resurrected by the crow to go after the criminals who murdered them, which is why Sarah has great knowledge of the crow legend.
    Sarah outfits Ashe with the Crow facial paint, and Ashe acquires black clothing and a high-performance motorcycle. With the guidance of the crow, Ashe starts killing Judah's henchmen, one by one.
    Ashe first visits Spider-Monkey (Vincent Castellanos), in a warehouse and interrogates him as to who else was involved in the atrocity. After losing a card trick to Ashe, Spider-Monkey is killed when Ashe sets off extremely flammable chemicals, blowing apart the building.
    Another of Judah's lackeys, a pervert named Nemo (Thomas Jane) is spending the night at the peepin booths. Ashe appears in the booths, and assaults Nemo. Nemo is then discovered with a doll stuffed in his pants, and a paper crow in his mouth.
    Judah has in his employ a blind prophetess named Sybil (Tracey Ellis) who is able to ascertain Ashe's link to Sarah and to the crow that is the source of his powers. Judah captures Sarah in order to draw Ashe to him and steal his power.
    Judah has left a woman named Kali (Thuy Trang) in Sarah's apartment as bait for Ashe. While battling her, Ashe realizes that Kali is the one who killed Danny. Kali starts tossing throwing stars at Ashe, futilely hitting him with poles and stabbing him with a knife, until he throws her into a wall and then out a window. Kali dies when she lands on a car on the street below, her blood streaming out in the shape of a crow in flight.
    Then Ashe pursues Judah's right hand man, Curve (Iggy Pop), in a motorcycle chase. Ashe shoots Curve's motorcycle, and the motorcycle blows up and throws Curve onto the road. Ashe then drags Curve into the nearby river, where Curve floats, dying amongst flowers in the shape of a crow in flight on the surface of the water.
    At the same time, Judah uses his fingernail to slice a bloody cross into Sarah's forehead, and then impales a crow's wings with knives and then kills the crow, drinking its blood. And all that is left for Ashe to do is to rescue Sarah by seeking out Judah in his lair, an abandoned church.
    It takes place at the annual "Dia de los Muertos" (Day of the Dead) festival. And because of what Judah did to the crow, Ashe is not at completely full strength. In fact, he is losing his strength as time passes. In a confrontation with Judah, Judah beats up Ashe, ties a rope around him, and tries to hang him. Judah then grabs a whip and begins whipping Ashe.
    Sarah then rushes up and stabs Judah in the forehead, causing Judah to lower Ashe to the ground. Since Judah has the crow's blood in him, the stabbing in the forehead doesn't hurt him. Judah pulls out the knife and starts moving toward Ashe. Sarah gets in the way, and Judah stabs her in the stomach.
    Ashe gets up and impales Judah on a metal pipe that enters Judah's back and exits through his chest, and this does not kill Judah either. While Judah is still impaled, Ashe calls upon a large number of crows that are flying overhead. The crows swarm down and kill Judah by eating him. Sarah then dies from her stab wound in Ashe's arms, a tableau reminiscent of a painting she had finished earlier in the film.
    Ashe returns to death, knowing that he can rest in peace, now that Judah and his minions are dead.

    [edit] Production

    After the success of The Crow Miramax commissioned a sequel, prodution began on the film in 1995. In 1991 music video director Tim Pope film the short film "Phone" starring Bill Pullman, Linda Blair and Amanda Plummer, after viewing the movie the Weinstein brothers offered directing duties to Pope, David S. Goyer was brought on to write the script. Wanting to avoid comparisons with the first movie and Brandon Lee, Goyer wanted to have the character of Sarah come back as a female crow, another idea was to create a story set in England in the nineteenth century. Eventually it was decided to have a story about a two brothers who are murdered in Los Angeles, In that script Ashe and Danny were brothers with Ashe being brought back to avenge their deaths. The original script also featured Sarah, Grange and Top Dollar who would be resurrected to fight Ashe. Goyer who was unhappy about bringing back the characters of Grange and Top Dollar rewrote the script removing them entirely. Alex McDowell who worked on the previous movie and had also worked with Tim Pope on music videos was brought back as production designer and both aimed to give the movie a distinguished look. McDowell took inspiration for the design of Los Angeles by looking at architecture from the 20s and 40s, McDowell was also in charge in determining which scenes would be shot on set, location and miniatures.
    Returning also from the previous movie were producers Jeff Most and Edward R. Pressman. Both Goyer and Pope aimed to make the film completely different from the first and wanted to make the movie more tragic, they also wanted to give the characters more depth, while working on the film, Goyer was also writing the script for Dark City which was directed by The Crow director Alex Proyas. For casting Punk Rock legend Iggy Pop was hired to play the villain curve, Pop had previously been offered the role of Funboy in the first movie, Tori Amos turned down the role of Sarah while Jon Bon Jovi had auditioned for the role of Ashe which eventually went to Vincent Perez. Perez had been picked because of his performance in "La Reine Margot" (Queen Margot) for inspiration, Vincent looked to Jim Morrison and Hamlet. A young Thomas Jane was picked to play the villain Nemo. While it was initially aimed by the filmmakers and the studio to create a much different movie than the first one out of respect for Brandon Lee, the film's original running time was 160 minutes. However, upon seeing the movie Miramax ordered it to re-edited to resemble the first movie as much as possible, Tim Pope refused and as a result he along with Goyer disowned the movie for not representing their vision. The fight scene between Ashe and Kali was re-shot and the film was also edited to make make the film fast paced.

    [edit] Cast

    [edit] Reception

    The Crow COA received negative reviews from critics, the main criticism was aimed at what was seen as a recycled plot and bad acting, noted critic James Berrardinelli gave the movie two stars . However, some critics did praise Vincent Perez's and Iggy Pop's performances and Alex McDowell's production design. Currently the movie has a rotten rating of 13% on Rotten Tomatoes. The movie has developed a small cult following[2][3][4]

    [edit] Box office

    The Crow: City of Angels opened at #1 at the domestic box office and grossed $9,785,111 in the opening weekend which accounted for 54.6% of its total grossing. It also opened at #1 in the UK.[5] The domestic gross stands at $17,917,287,and $7,500,000 (Worldwide). The budget was $13,000,000[1]. While the movie was a minor success, it paled in comparison to the previous film's domestic earnings, which was $50m. As a result of the movie's lackluster box office results, future Crow sequels were released direct-to-video.

    [edit] Pay-Per View/Workprint Version

    The Crow City of Angels was heavily cut by Miramax who wanted the movie to be more like the first one. The Crow COA running time was originally 160 mins long, a supposed director's cut was released in 1996 but only contained ten minutes of new footage, however the uncut version did surface on pay-per view in the late Nineties. There have been petitions by fans to have a true director's cut released most notably an online petition that was set up in 2003 by David Coyle.
    Here are the scenes that were cut by Miramax.
    -Sarah has a longer voice over in the beginning of the film.
    -The Crow (the bird) "lifts" Ashe from his watery grave.
    -Before Ashe runs from Sarah's apartment, he does not believe he is alive so Sarah stabs him with a kitchen knife.
    -When Ashe runs to his home, we see his sign which is called "Corven's Body Shop".
    -There are bad guy back stories. Judah tells about himself drowning and becoming the way that he is, Spidermonkey "stole" the imp logo from his grandmother's car and used (copied) the logo for the bags of trinity (the drug in the movie), Kali is revealed to be a virgin, because she only 'gets pleasure from killing, and nothing else.
    -When Ashe is going after Spidermonkey at the Trinity Drug Plant. Ashe takes Spidermonkey's gun and says, "Don't try this at home, kids!" and shoots himself. Spidermonkey checks Ashe but Ashe gets up, scaring Spidermonkey.
    -When Ashe destroys the Trinity Drug Plant, thugs come to pick a fight with Ashe. Ashe scares them off.
    -The stripper talking to Nemo at that Live Girls building, is confronted by ashe after Nemo is killed, Ashe tells her not to come here while tugging on her. This makes Ashe very anti-hero like.
    -There are more love scenes between Ashe and Sarah.
    -The Twins and Kali shoot at Sarah's apartment door features them trashing Sarah's apartment and destroying paintings.
    -When Ashe builds Danny's grave, he does not burn his painting in this version, Judah tears it up in his confrontation with Ashe
    -The fight scene between Ashe and Kali is a reshoot. In the original fight, Kali uses a 2x4 and a sword. Kali gets her arm broken in this version while fighting Ashe.
    -When Kali is thrown out of the window, we see a shadow of a giant crow morphing into Ashe. This shows that the Crow and Ashe are one.
    -Kali's death is much different. She is still alive. Ashe comes out of no where and Kali begs him to kill her. Ashe refuses as thugs come and rape Kali to death.
    -When Ashe is being shot by the gang members in the Second Coming Club, Ashe grabs his shotgun and returns fire.
    -The motorcycle chase was a little bit longer. When Curve escapes from Ashe, Ashe looks for a way to find a way to get ahead of Curve.
    -When Curve says, "You think I'm afraid of you?!?!?", there is a shot of Curve peeing his pants because he is afraid of Ashe.
    -When Ashe blows up Curve's motorcycle with his shotgun, Curve is on the ground with his crotch on fire. You can see a glimpse of this in the Theatrical Version, if you look carefully.
    -At the Day of the Dead festival, we see two more characters. One is Amede.
    -When Ashe is climbing Judah's headquarters, The Twins follow him. One falls off the building and ends up decapitated.
    -When the spectre of Danny is at the Day of the Dead festival, he says to his father, Ashe, that it is time to go. Ashe says that he must protect Sarah and Danny disappears. Ashe looks for him in the crowd and turns a drunk guy around, believing it was Danny.
    -More Ashe\Judah dialogue.
    -In this version, Sarah and Ashe talk to each other just before Sarah dies.
    -The ending is much different, because Ashe chose to stay for Sarah, he is damned and is forced to stay on Earth forever as punishment.
    -Ashe destroys Sarah's apartment so he does not remember her anymore.
    -When Ashe carries Sarah to the church, the scene much is longer. It also features Ashe wearing Sarah's ring like Brandon Lee's character "Eric" did in the first "Crow" movie. The priest from earlier enters asking Ashe, "What will you do now, my son?", Ashe replies that the city is full of shadows and that one more won't make a difference.
    -In the Theatrical Version, we see Ashe and Danny in "Heaven" but this is a flashback in the workprint Version. This explains the confusing ending.
    Despite attempts made by fans, their are no plans to release the uncut version.

    [edit] The Crow City Of Angels Second Coming

    The Crow COA Second Coming is a fan made edit that was released on dvd in December 2007, in the hope that an official director's cut would be released. The dvd is 112mins long and uses subtitled animatics and re-edits scenes in order to tell the story as it was originally conceived.

    [edit] Adaptations

    The screenplay for City of Angels was adapted into a novel by Chet Williamson as well as a three-issue comic book series published by Kitchen Sink Press, both of which feature the original ending of the story.
    A video game based on the film was also produced.

    [edit] References

    1. ^ a b "The Crow: City of Angels (1996)". Box Office Mojo. 1996-09-20. Retrieved 2011-01-12.
    2. ^ "'Crow' Sequel Struggles to Take Flight". The Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2010-12-04.
    3. ^ "The Crow: City of Angels". Variety. Retrieved 2010-12-04.
    4. ^ "The Crow: City of Angels". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved 2010-12-04.
    5. ^ "Morning report". The Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2010-12-30.

    The Crow: Salvation

    From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
    The Crow: Salvation

    Movie poster for The Crow: Salvation
    Directed by Bharat Nalluri
    Written by Chip Johannessen
    Starring Eric Mabius
    Kirsten Dunst
    Jodi Lyn O'Keefe
    Fred Ward
    Distributed by Dimension Films
    Release date(s) January 23, 2000
    Running time 102 minutes
    Country United States
    Language English
    Budget $17,000,000
    The Crow: Salvation is a 2000 film directed by Bharat Nalluri. The film is the third in a series based on The Crow comic book by James O'Barr. After its distributor cancelled the intended theatrical release due to The Crow: City of Angels' receiving negative critical reception, The Crow: Salvation was released directly to video.

    [edit] Plot summary

    Alex Corvis (Eric Mabius) is framed for the murder of his girlfriend Lauren Randall (Jodi Lyn O'Keefe), who was brutally stabbed 53 times. Three years later, he is executed in the electric chair. Soon after the execution, Alex is resurrected by a mystical crow, so he can clear his name and avenge Lauren's death. He peels off the burned flesh from his face, revealing his crow appearance.
    Alex follows the crow to the Salt Lake City police department's evidence room, where he discovers that Lauren was killed by a group of corrupt cops. Alex has a vision of one of the killers, who has a scar on his arm matching one he saw just before his execution.
    Alex finds the knife that was used on Lauren, and then goes to her grave. There, he meets with Lauren's sister Erin (Kirsten Dunst), who believes he is guilty. He tells her that he'll prove his innocence somehow, and disappears.
    Alex finds Tommy Leonard (David Stevens), the man who was paid to lie about Alex at the trial. Tommy tells Alex which cops killed Lauren — Madden (Bruce McCarthy), Martin Toomey (Tim DeKay), James Erlich (Dale Midkiff), Stan Roberts (Walton Goggins), and Phillip Dutton (Bill Mondy). Alex spares Tommy's life.
    Later, Dutton pulls over two women, and tries to sexually assault the driver. Suddenly, he sees Alex sitting where the passenger was. Alex looks for the scar, and doesn't find it. Alex shoots Dutton in the head, and stabs him 53 times, killing him.
    Later, Erin watches the news and sees Dutton's dead body on the screen, with the name "Daisy" cut into his head. This is Alex's sign to Erin, because Daisy was Lauren's nickname for Erin.
    Alex finds Erlich leaving an apartment in his Corvette. Alex kicks through Erlich's window and searches his arm for the scar, but doesn't find it. Alex drives the Corvette into the side of an abandoned bus, and blows it up with Erlich laying bloodied on the hood of the car. Alex inadvertently drops the list of names of the cops he's after, and Roberts and Toomey find it.
    Later, Alex gives Erin a piece of paper found in Erlich's car, and Erin now believes that Alex is innocent. She then finds out that her father, Nathan Randall (William Atherton) is in business with the corrupt cops who killed Lauren, and was thus indirectly responsible for her death. Nathan swears he did not intend for Lauren to die, but Erin nevertheless runs from him in horror. At the same time, Roberts and Madden kill Tommy and his family.
    Alex meets with his lawyer, Peter Walsh (Grant Shaud), and they talk about Lauren's death. Alex goes to the place where Lauren died and talks to her. Erin goes home, and finds Nathan dead of a self-inflicted gunshot wound.
    Later, Walsh tells Alex that Nathan owns a company called Westwind Building, which owns D.E.R.T., a company that owns about a dozen other companies.
    Tommy used to make daily deliveries to the Key Club, a strip bar owned by D.E.R.T., and Walsh tells Alex that a place like that is about unreported cash; things like money from drugs. Lauren discovered what they were doing when she witnessed John, the police captain (Fred Ward), killing a man at the Key Club. John had his men kill Lauren. Erin barges into Walsh's apartment, telling Alex that Nathan is dead.
    Alex goes to the Key Club. Madden and John meet Erin at Walsh's apartment, and explain to her about Nathan. Erin gets John's gun and aims it at him, but John gets his gun back. Madden kills Walsh, and John kidnaps Erin.
    Later, Alex starts a big shootout at the Key Club and fatally impales Roberts with a pipe he breaks off the ceiling, kills the remaining police, then grabs Toomey and checks his arm for the scar, but doesn't find it on either of their arms. Madden shows up, and tries to kill Alex. Madden accidentally shoots a pipe, which ignites a gas leak; the explosion kills Toomey. Alex walks out of the fire and sees an arm hanging out of the rubble with the scar on it. Alex then leaves the rubble and watches a woman while having a flashback. Her jealous boyfriend hits Alex.
    The next day, the rubble is examined, and a burned skeleton forearm can be found — with pieces of metal scattered about. It turns out that this was all a forgery and that the real scarred arm remains at large.
    Alex goes back to Walsh's apartment. It's empty, but he finds a hint placed by Walsh which leads him to John. He goes to the police station and confronts John. After a few words, Alex brandishes the knife responsible for killing Lauren, preparing to kill John. However, his regeneration ability is apparently not working anymore, as he "fulfilled his duty" after finding the arm with the scar (i.e. the arm of the one he is after), and he is no match for the Captain, who stabs Alex several times with the knife, while verbally abusing him and attempting to convince Alex that Alex alone murdered his own girlfriend. Before Alex dies, he starts to believe he is the one who murdered Lauren.
    Madden, the Captain, and the Captain's secretary (Kelly Harren) pull Alex into John's taxidermy room, where Erin is tied up with her mouth stitched shut, wearing the locket that connects her to Alex. The crow picks the locket up and drops it next to Alex, who comes back to life again. Alex sets Erin free, and she runs out with John in pursuit. Alex kills Madden by throwing him into a glass trophy case that cuts his throat. Alex then sees Walsh's body hanging from the ceiling, his arm cut off. Alex kills John's secretary by throwing her against the wall, impaling her on a set of mounted antlers.
    The Captain gets Erin into a car and drives away, and Alex reaches the roof of the police building and jumps off onto the car. Alex punches through the car's glass roof, grabs John's arm, and rolls up the sleeve. Confirming his suspicion, Alex notices the scar on the Captain's left arm.
    Alex and Erin then take the Captain to the prison's death chamber and strap John into the same electric chair that Alex died in. John says he'll come back like Alex and vows to kill them both. Erin pulls the switch, and they leave John to suffer in the chair, burning long after he is dead. Alex and Erin walk outside, and Alex disappears in a whirlwind.
    Later, Erin, who apparently came to visit the graves of both Alex and her sister, puts the necklace that bonded her and Alex on his headstone before leaving as she explains her renewed sense of mortality in a voice-over.

    [edit] Cast

    The Crow: Wicked Prayer

    From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

    Movie poster for The Crow: Wicked Prayer
    Directed by Lance Mungia
    Produced by Jeff Most
    Edward R. Pressman
    Written by Norman Partridge (novel)
    Lance Mungia
    Starring Edward Furlong
    David Boreanaz
    Tara Reid
    Emmanuelle Chriqui
    Tito Ortiz
    Marcus Chong
    Danny Trejo
    Music by Jamie Christopherson
    Cinematography Kurt Brabbee
    Distributed by Dimension Films
    Release date(s) June 3, 2005 (US)
    Running time 99 min.
    Country US
    Language English
    The Crow: Wicked Prayer is a 2005 American film directed by Lance Mungia and inspired by Norman Partridge's novel of the same title. It is the fourth and final film based on The Crow comic book by James O'Barr. It had a one week theatrical premiere on June 3, 2005 at AMC Pacific Place Theatre in Seattle, Washington before being released direct to video on July 19, 2005. Like the other sequels to the cult movie, The Crow, it had a poor critical reception.



    [edit] Plot synopsis

    Jimmy Cuervo (Edward Furlong) is an ex-con living in Lake Ravasu on the Raven Aztec reservation. He was imprisoned for killing a would-be rapist in a fight. Jimmy plans to start a new life with his girlfriend, Lily Ignites The Dawn (Emmanuelle Chriqui), and leave the town for good. Lily's priest father, Harold (Danny Trejo), and brother, local cop Tanner (Dave L. Ortiz) both hate Jimmy.
    The town is home to a group of Satanists led by escaped convict Luc "Death" Crash (David Boreanaz) and his fiancee Lola Byrne (Tara Reid). Along with their three confederates "Pestilence" (Yuji Okumoto), "Famine" (Tito Ortiz), and "War" (Marcus Chong), Luc and Lola murder Lily and Jimmy in a brutal ritual that they hope will conjure the rebirth of the Antichrist. The ritual includes removing Lily's eyes—bestowing precognitive powers upon Lola—and Jimmy's heart. They dump the bodies inside an old freezer.
    When the Crow returns Jimmy from the dead, Jimmy discovers his newfound invincibility after attempting to shoot himself. He takes Lily's body and leaves it on her bed so it can be found. Tanner and Harold find the body and assume it was Jimmy who killed Lily.
    On the night of a local festivity, Jimmy dons the costume and make-up he wore to the celebration a previous year. He finds and kills Pestilence and then seizes the hearse carrying Lily's body, and buries her himself. Jimmy next finds and kills Famine in front of Luc. A fight ensues between Jimmy and Luc during which the crow, the source of Jimmy's power, is injured and thereby weakening Jimmy. Jimmy and Tanner meet and Jimmy shows Tanner telepathically what really happened to Lilly.
    Luc and Lola visit El Niño (Dennis Hopper), the head of their order, at a former church. Tanner and Harold and a group of men assemble outside to confront them. As El Niño is performing the marriage ceremony that will bring Luc closer to the power he craves, Jimmy, Tanner, Harold, and the other men arrive and shoot War. El Niño completes the ceremony as Jimmy enters the church. Luc, now a host for Lucifer himself, telekinetically hangs Jimmy from a cross while Lola kills El Niño. Luc and Lola leave the church and head to a nearby burial ground where they must consummate their ritual before sunrise in order for Lucifer to fully manifest.
    Harold, Tanner and the others free Jimmy who tells them the crow is dying. In order to heal the bird and restore Jimmy's powers, the still sceptical Harold performs the Crow Dance. Weakened, Jimmy heads to the sacred ground and stops Luc from having sex with Lola. Luc and Jimmy engage in a fight and the revived crow returns restoring Jimmy his strength and invulnerability. The sun rises and Luc's ritual wears off. Jimmy then kills Luc by impaling him on a wooden spike and cutting his throat. Lola loses her sight and is taken into custody. Jimmy and Lily's spirits find each other and kiss.

    [edit] Characters

    [edit] Reception

    The film was critically panned, currently holding a zero percent approval rating at Rotten Tomatoes.[1]

    [edit] References

    ^ "Rotten Tomato's summary of the reviews of The Crow: Wicked Prayer". Retrieved 2011-01-12. 


    From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
      (Redirected from Stunts)

    Pyrotechnics stunt exhibition by "Giant Auto Rodéo", Ciney, Belgium.

    Freestyle & Stunt Show 2007 - Landrévarzec
    A stunt is an unusual and difficult physical feat, or any act requiring a special skill, performed for artistic purposes in TV, theatre, or cinema. Stunts are a big part of many action movies.
    Before computer generated imagery special effects, these effects were limited to the use of models, false perspective and other in-camera effects, unless the creator could find someone willing to jump from car to car or hang from the edge of a skyscraper: the stunt performer or stunt double.



    [edit] Practical effects

    One of the most-frequently used practical stunts is stage combat. Although contact is normally avoided, many elements of stage combat, such as sword fighting, martial arts, and acrobatics required contact between performers in order to facilitate the creation of a particular effect, such as noise or physical interaction.
    Stunt performances are highly choreographed and may be rigorously rehearsed for hours, days and sometimes weeks before a performance. Seasoned professionals will commonly treat a performance as if they have never done it before[citation needed], since the risks in stunt work are high, every move and position must be correct to reduce risk of injury from accidents.

    [edit] Examples

    [edit] Mechanical effects

    A physical stunt is usually performed with help of mechanics.
    For example, if the plot requires the hero to jump to a high place, the film crew could put the actor in a special harness, and use aircraft high tension wire to pull him up. Piano wire is sometimes used to fly objects, but an actor is never suspended from it as it is brittle and can break under shock impacts. Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon (2000) is a kung-fu movie that was heavily reliant on wire stunts.

    [edit] Vehicular stunts

    Fire-breathing "Jaipur Maharaja Brass Band", Chassepierre, Belgium
    Performers of vehicular stunts require extensive training and may employ specially adapted vehicles. Stunts can be as simple as a hand brake turn, also known as the bootleg turn, or as advanced as car chases, jumps and crashes involving dozens of vehicles. Rémy Julienne is a well known pioneering automotive stunt performer and coordinator. Another well known vehicular stunt specialist is Englishman Ian Walton, who was the helicopter stunt pilot and stunt designer for many 1980s movies, notably the Bond film Never Say Never Again. Streetbike stunts, also known as "stunting" gained wide spread popularity in the early 2000s and continues to grow. It is based on wheelies but now goes much further than that.

    [edit] Computer generated effects

    In the late 20th century stunt men were placed in dangerous situations less and less as filmmakers turned to relatively inexpensive (and much safer) computer graphics effects using harnesses, fans, blue- or green screens, and a huge array of other devices and digital effects. The Matrix (1999) is an example of a movie reliant on CGI stunts extensively.

    [edit] Examples

    [edit] Stars who do stunts

    Jayan performing the Ship Crane stunt
    In the early days of cinema, some actors such as Buster Keaton and Charlie Chaplin did most of their own physical stunts. However, as these performances were usually very dangerous and many movie stars were not so athletic, filmmakers and insurance companies turned to hiring stunt doubles to do them.
    Most action movie actors today use stunt doubles, though some of them do a few of their own stunts to please movie fans. One famous exception to this norm has been the Hong Kong action movie star Jackie Chan, who performs all of his own stunts. Several other Asian film actors also perform many of their own stunts, particularly Hong Kong action stars such as Sammo Hung, Yuen Biao, and Donnie Yen. In Thailand, Tony Jaa, an actor who is highly skilled in martial arts, also does all his stunts without assistance. In Indonesia, Iko Uwais performed his own stunts in Merantau. In India, action star Jayan did all his high risk physical stunts without stunt doubles, but he was killed in a helicopter crash while doing a stunt for a movie in 1980. The Indian action movie star Akshay Kumar performs all of his own stunts, while Hrithik Roshan also did his own stunts for the films Krrish and Dhoom 2.
    Notable among professional Hollywood stuntmen were Yakima Canutt (1895–1986) and Dar Robinson (1947–86). In his movies, Tom Cruise performs many of his own stunts without doubles, including the Mission: Impossible Trilogy and Minority Report.[citation needed] In The Lord of the Rings, Viggo Mortenson as Aragorn performed all of his own stunts, including swordplay, insisting it would look more authentic, and sustained several injuries as a result.

    [edit] Notable movie stunts

    Silent comedian Harold Lloyd climbed the entire height of a Los Angeles skyscraper without wires or nets. Lloyd dangled from a broken clock face on the topmost floor above moving traffic despite having only three fingers on his right hand.
    The front of a house fell down with Buster Keaton standing in the exact position of an open window, leaving him unharmed. His stone-faced expression remained unchanged.
    Joe Canutt, son of famed stuntman Yakima Canutt, doubled as Judah Ben-Hur when he rides his chariot over the wreck of a competitor. He was launched over the front of his chariot and barely managed to hang on to the front as he climbed back up.
    Pursued by Germans, Bud Ekins as Capt. Virgil “The Cooler King” Hilts jumped his motorcycle 60 feet (18 m) over a barbed-wire fence... but does not quite make it to safety.
    Trapped by the Superposse, Butch and Sundance leaped off a cliff into raging waters knowing that the "fall will probably kill [them]". Mickey Gilbert doubled for Robert Redford and Howard Curtis for Paul Newman.
    Papillon makes his final bid for freedom by leaping from a cliff into the sea. Dar Robinson doubled for Steve McQueen, his first major stunt in a Hollywood film.
    Ross Kananga as James Bond used four crocodiles as stepping stones to reach safety on the other side. Kananga, who owned the crocodile farm seen in the film, and after whom the main villain is named, did the stunt five times wearing the same crocodile skin shoes as his character had chosen to wear. During the fourth attempt, the last crocodile bit through the shoe and into his foot. The fifth attempt is one seen on film, with the tied-down crocodiles snapping at his feet as he passed over them.
    In the same film, Jerry Comeaux as James Bond jumped his speedboat 70 feet (21 m) over a police car, a record that lasted for 15 years.
    "Bumps" Williard as James Bond driving a AMC Hornet leaped a broken bridge and spun around 360 degrees in mid-air, doing an "aerial twist". Willard was paid £30,000 for the stunt, which was held under EON Productions copyright for several years afterwards.
    A major character dies when the rope bridge he is standing on is cut. British stuntman Joe Powell volunteered for the stunt after the rest of the stuntmen came down with a mysterious ailment. He fell 80 feet (24 m) onto cardboard boxes balanced on the edge of a ravine. If he had missed the boxes, no safety wire or parachute would have stopped him falling to the bottom of the ravine. Making the situation more dangerous was the rope bridge, which caused Powell to spin as he fell.
    Rick Sylvester playing James Bond escapes the bad guys by skiing off a cliff in the Austrian Alps (actually Mount Asgard in the Arctic Circle) then releasing a parachute. Sylvester waited two weeks for the weather atop Mount Asgard to change. Finally he had a 15 minute window to make the jump. Five cameras were meant to record the stunt, but only the master shot worked. Sylvester was allegedly paid US$100,000 for the stunt. As he fell, one of his skis hit the parachute on its way down.
    The initial freefall stunt sequence was done for real with the stuntmen's clothing modified with special breakaway patches to conceal lightweight parachutes.
    A.J. Bakunas as Hollywood stuntman Hooper leaped from a helicopter onto an airbag 232 feet (71 m) below, a record that endures to this day.
    The hero fights the villain atop the world's tallest freestanding structure, Toronto's CN Tower, and the villain loses. Doubling the villain was Dar Robinson who opened his parachute just 300 feet (91 m) from the ground after a fall lasting six seconds. Robinson was paid US$100,000 (£61,862.04).
    In this Indian action film, action star Jayan hangs on to a ship crane and is elevated to a height of around 300 feet.
    Corrie Jansen leaped 182 feet (55 m) from a cliff, a record freefall for a woman.
    Indiana Jones climbs underneath a moving truck and is dragged along behind it before climbing back on board. The stunt was performed by Terry Leonard. Leonard agreed to do the stunt only if his good friend, stuntman Glenn H. Randall Jr., was driving the truck.
    The Bandit leaps his Pontiac Trans-Am motorcar from the back of trailer, setting a record[clarification needed] that has not been broken.
    Sharky (Burt Reynolds) punches the villain through the window of the Hyatt Regency Atlanta. To achieve the effect, stuntman Dar Robinson ran at the window, then at the last moment, spun around to go backwards through the glass and land on an airbag. It is the highest freefall (220 feet (67 m)) from a building without a cable or parachute.
    Renegade cop Roy Scheider, flying the state-of the-art “Blue Thunder” helicopter, is chased by a police helicopter down storm drains in Los Angeles, weaving between the varying support legs until his pursuer eventually crashes.
    A stunt featured Jackie Chan hanging off a real clock tower and falling through three ripped canopies used to break his fall before hitting the ground. Chan has described the stunt as a homage to Harold Lloyd in the movie Safety Last.
    Vince Deadrick Jr. and Terry Leonard as Joan Wilder and Jack Colton jumped from a car as it fell over an 80-foot (24 m) waterfall.
    During the skateboard chase, Marty McFly runs over the top of Biff Tannen's convertible and rejoins his skateboard on the other side.
    While rampaging through a mall, Genghis Khan rides up to a trampoline, does a somersault off of it, and lands back on his skateboard.
    Many dangerous and real life stunts in this Jackie Chan film were done without wires. Scenes include Jackie hanging on to a double-decker bus window by an umbrella handle, as well as a mall fight scene at the end featuring many stunt team members performing tumbles, falls and flips through various objects including glass window displays, stairs, escalators, etc. The finale featured Jackie Chan himself jumping and sliding down a mall post covered with wired lights before smashing through a wooden canopy. The film showcases the many skills and talents of the stuntmen and women on the Jackie Chan Stunt Team, as well as putting many in long term recovery.
    Dar Robinson asked to play the part of the albino killer in this Burt Reynolds directed Elmore Leonard adaptation so the audience would be more shocked by the villain's death. Without cutting away, Robinson was filmed falling backwards off a hotel balcony emptying his revolver at Reynolds' as he fell. A thin cable ran up Robinson's leg to a harness around his waist to arrest his fall just feet off the ground.
    This was the third variation on a stunt that had appeared first in Moonraker and then in Octopussy; James Bond battles a bad guy while they are both hanging outside a plane. In this case, Bond and the villainous Necros fight as they cling to a cargo net filled with bags of opium hanging out the rear of a Soviet cargo plane. All three stunt sequences were done with ace parachutists Jake Lombard and B.J. Worth. Lombard, who had previously doubled for Roger Moore, took the part of Necros here, while Worth finally got to play Bond by doubling Timothy Dalton.
    Nick Gillard as Eric Visser jumped his speedboat over a bridge in Amsterdam, breaking the record set in Live and Let Die.
    Vic Armstrong as Indiana Jones rode his horse onto a ledge and jumped onto a moving tank.
    The killer robot T-1000 flies a helicopter in a freeway chase after a S.W.A.T. van driven by The Terminator and at one point flies under an overpass. As if to prove the stunt was done for real, the pilot attempts a second underpass, but flies away at the last second.
    Corrupt Treasury agent Travers hijacks a jet carrying US$100 million, then slides down a cable to the villains' Learjet. British stuntman Simon Crane performed the stunt. When the film's budget was not large enough for the one million dollars needed to complete the sequence, lead actor Sylvester Stallone agreed to cut his salary by the same amount.[citation needed]
    Stuntman Billy Morts doubled for actor Keanu Reeves as L.A.P.D. cop Jack Traven, who rips the door off a Jaguar sports car then leaps to the open door of a speeding bus, his feet scraping against the ground.
    Wayne Michaels as James Bond bungee jumped over a dam to break into a Russian chemical weapons factory. Michaels reached 100 miles per hour (161 km/h) during the jump and came perilously close to the sloping surface of the dam, which was studded with irons struts that could have torn him to pieces. The stunt was further complicated as Bond had to take out a gun during the fall, which threw Michaels off trajectory.
    Indian actor Akshay Kumar performs a dangerous stunt where he climbs onto a small airplane while it is moving, stands on top of the plane as it flies a thousand feet high, and jumps from the plane onto a hot air baloon, all in a single take.[1]
    Thai actor Tony Jaa performed a number of stunts for the film, suffering injuries such as a ligament injury and a sprained ankle. One scene involved fighting while his trousers were on fire, which spread upwards and burnt his eyebrows, eyelashes and nose during filming. Despite this, he did several more takes after that.[2]
    Echoing The Man with the Golden Gun, Gary Powell as James Bond put his boat into a 360 degree spin, wrecking a gun emplacement on a villainess's boat.
    Sebastian Foucan as an African bombmaker eluded Daniel Craig's James Bond using free running style parkour. Foucan's (and the stunt's) notation in the opening credits were a first.
    In one scene, Indonesian actor Iko Uwais performs a jump from one building to another. Another stuntman, playing a henchman, chases him and attempts to do the same, but Uwais hits him with a bamboo pole in mid-air and the stuntman falls three stories to the ground.

    [edit] Stunts that have gone wrong

    Stuntwork accounts for over half of all film-related injuries, with an average of 5 deaths for every 2,000 injuries. From 1980 to 1990 there were 37 deaths relating to accidents during stunts, twenty-four of these deaths involved the use of helicopters.
    A plane crash killed stunt pilot Ormer Locklear.
    Several people died, one man lost a leg and a number were injured in a scene where several hundred extras were caught in the 'Great Flood'. The deaths were instrumental in the introduction of film safety regulations in the following year.
    Margaret Hamilton was badly burned during a scene in which her character 'vanished' in a burst of flame and smoke, a delay in activating a trap-door catching her in the pyrotechnic device. Her stuntwoman was also injured in a scene involving a smoking broomstick
    Stuntman Bob Morgan was seriously injured filming a gunfight on a moving train. Chains holding logs on a flatbed car broke, crushing Morgan as he crouched beside them.
    Stunt pilot Paul Mantz was killed, and another stuntman seriously injured, when the title plane failed to clear a sand dune and crashed.
    During a scene for Episode 9 ("The Terrifying Cobra-Man"), lead actor Hiroshi Fujioka fractured his thighbone in a motorcycle stunt when he rode into a telephone pole at 50 mph, forcing him out of action. Producers had to use stock and unused footage, which was dubbed by Rokurô Naya, for the next four episodes, causing a dip in the ratings. Producers eventually had no choice but to substitute him with a second character played by Takeshi Sasaki. Fujioka made a return in Episode 53 ("Monster Jaguarman - Deathmatch by Motorcycle Fight"). As neither actor could be axed, the show ended up having two heroes.
    A.J. Bakunas died doubling for George Kennedy in a fall from the Kincaid Towers in Lexington, Kentucky. Bakunas had successfully performed a fall from the ninth floor of the construction site, but when he learned that Dar Robinson had broken his record high fall for a non-movie related publicity stunt, Bakunas returned to perform the fall from the top of the 300-foot (91 m) construction site. Bakunas performed the fall expertly, but the airbag split and Bakunas was killed.
    While a helicopter stunt was being carried out for this Indian action film, the 3rd attempt went wrong after 2 successful shots. Helicopter crashed killing the iconic action star Jayan. The actor has since then attained a legendary status.
    While filming a high speed chase in the bobsleigh-run the four-man bob came out of the run at the wrong place and hit a tree. One of its occupants, a young stuntman named Paolo Rigon, was killed.
    The making of the movie Twilight Zone had consequences that overshadowed the film itself. During the filming of a segment directed by John Landis on July 23, 1982, actor Vic Morrow and child actors My-Ca Dinh Le (aged 7) and Renee Shin-Yi Chen (aged 6) died in an accident involving a helicopter being used on the set. Without warning, it spun out of control and crashed, decapitating Morrow and one of the children with its blades. The remaining child was crushed to death as the helicopter crashed.
    Stuntwoman Heidi van Beltz was left a paraplegic after being thrown from her car during a crash.
    Stunt pilot Art Scholl was killed in an aircraft crash taping footage of a flat spin.
    During the filming of a scene which called for Jackie Chan to jump from a wall to a tree branch, unhappy with the first shoot, he performed a second shoot that went wrong as his grip on the branch slipped and Jackie fell 15 feet to the ground below. He landed hard on his head, causing part of his skull to crack and shoot up into his brain. He was flown to the hospital and was in surgery 8 hours later. He now has a plastic plug, and a permanent hole in his head. He is also slightly hard of hearing in one ear from that fall.
    Stuntman Dar Robinson was killed in a motorcycle accident.
    During filming of a location report from the Royal Tournament, one of its presenters, Anthea Turner was injured when a pyrotechnic display exploded in her face whilst she was giving a piece to camera during a motorcycle stunt. The incident was broadcast live on-air. The incident was later blamed on a miscommunication between programme staff and stunt organisers, coupled with an unplanned last-minute change in the location from which Turner gave her report.
    Stuntman Clint Carpenter was killed in a helicopter stunt.
    In one of the most high-profile stunt deaths, Brandon Lee, the star of The Crow, was killed 8 days before that film's completion. Prop Masters working under time constraints had failed to notice that the previous firing of a cartridge with only a primer and a bullet had caused a bullet to lodge in the forcing cone of one of their revolvers. When the first unit used this gun to shoot the death scene, the chamber was loaded with blanks which had no bullets. However, there was still the bullet in the barrel, which was propelled out by the blank cartridge's explosion. Despite being rushed to hospital Lee died within a matter of hours.
    Stuntwoman Sonya Davis died from head injuries from a high fall during filming.[3]
    Stuntwoman Janet Wilder was killed and four other people are injured when a speedboat misjudged a ramp and landed in a crowd.
    In a scene where Detective David Mills (Brad Pitt) chased John Doe in the rain, Pitt fell and his arm went through a car windscreen, requiring surgery. This accident was written into the script indicated by Pitt wearing a cast over his arm. Ironically, the original script did call for Pitt's character to be injured during this sequence but not to his hand.
    Actress Michelle Yeoh, who usually performs her own stunts, was seriously injured during shooting of a film about the life of a stuntwoman, when she misjudged an 18-foot (5.5 m) jump off a bridge onto a truck. She fractured a vertebra and was in traction for a month. This sequence can be seen at the end of the film.[4] This was her last stuntwork before Tomorrow Never Dies.
    During the filming of a scene on a grain silo, stuntman Collin Dragsbaek (doubling actor George Shetsov) died when he fell onto a faulty airbag.
    Professional wrestler Owen Hart died in May 1999's WWE/WWF PPV Over the Edge 1999 after he was scheduled to glide down from the rafters for a ring entrance. This stunt was botched and Owen fell 78 ft (24 m) to the ring below.
    A Peugeot 406 was supposed to land in a pile of cardboard after a stunt, but missed and hit several crew. A cameraman died later of internal injuries and another cameraman broke both legs.
    During filming in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada, a van was being towed along a street upside-down as part of a chase scene; stuntman Chris Lamon and another man were supposed to roll safely out, but Lamon apparently struck his head, and died six days later.
    Stuntman Harry L. O'Connor was killed in an accident when he failed to rappel fast enough down a parasailing line to land on the submarine. He impacted a bridge at high speed and was killed instantly.
    Drummer Tommy Lee was hospitalized when he was hit by sparks from a pyrotechnic stunt while he was swinging on a wire between drum sets suspended several feet above the stage.[5]
    Slipknot turntablist Sid Wilson broke both heels on landing after a jump over percussionist Chris Fehn.[6]
    Whilst filming a scene where a small boat that had been set on fire to ram a larger boat, the fire spread quickly went out of control, killing stuntman Lu Yanqing and injuring six others.[7]

    [edit] Recognition of stunt performers

    Movies such as Hooper and The Stunt Man and the 1980s television show The Fall Guy sought to raise the profile of the stunt performer and debunk the myth that movie stars perform all their own stunts. Noted stunt coordinators Hal Needham, Craig R. Baxley and Vic Armstrong went on to direct the action films The Cannonball Run, Action Jackson, Joshua Tree. Vic Armstrong became the first stuntman to win both an Academy Award (for developing a descender rig as a safe alternative to airbags) and a Bafta award (for lifetime achievement in film). But the status of stuntmen in Hollywood is still low; despite the fact that few films of any genre or type could be made without them, stunt performers are still seen as working mainly in action movies. Repeated campaigns for a "Best Stunts" Academy Award have been rejected.
    In 2001, the first 'World Stunt Awards' was held in Los Angeles. Presented by actor Alec Baldwin, the event had A-list stars presenting the statues to Hollywood's unsung heroes. Arnold Schwarzenegger was presented with the first "Lifetime Achievement" award. He presented the awards in 2001. The awards show hands out eight awards: Best Fight, Best Fire Stunt, Best High Work, Best Overall Stunt by a Stunt Man, Best Overall Stunt by a Stunt Woman, Best Speciality Stunt, Best Work with a Vehicle and Best Stunt Coordinator and/or 2nd Unit Director.
    Shows such as Jackass on MTV2, Dirty Sanchez on British TV, and Totally Outrageous Behavior on the American G4 feature people doing outrageous stunts.

    [edit] Equality in stunts

    In past Hollywood movies it was common for men to double for women and White American stunt performers to double for African-American performers. Veteran stunt man Dave Sharpe, a man of shorter than average height, often doubled for women in movie serials of the 1930s and '40s. It is now against union rules for stunt performers to double an actor of a different gender or race unless the stunt is so dangerous that there are no other volunteers, for example when B.J. Worth doubled for the black Jamaican actor Grace Jones parachuting off the Eiffel Tower in A View to a Kill. The rise of action heroines like Angelina Jolie and African-American stars like Will Smith has offered wider opportunities for stunt performers from diverse backgrounds.

    [edit] The future of stuntwork

    A backlash against dangerous stunts following the death of Sonya Davis[citation needed], coinciding with developments in Computer Generated Imagery (CGI) that make such stunts unnecessary threatens to reduce stunt performers to the status of body doubles. And yet a backlash against movies that resemble video games could lead to a resurrection in pure stuntwork. Movies such as The Matrix and Mission: Impossible II have shown how CGI and stunts can be integrated for maximum effect. But - if for no other reason than safety - it is doubtful that the records established by Hooper and Sharky's Machine will be broken anytime soon. A new sub-genre of eastern martial arts movies exists which emphasize the actors performing their own stunts, deliberately using wide angles and unbroken shots to show each stunt in its entirety.

    [edit] See also

    [edit] References

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